The Thomson Reuters Top 100 Global Innovator methodology analyzes patent and citation data across four main criteria: volume, success, globalization and influence using Thomson Reuters solutions including Derwent World Patents Index (DWPI), Thomson Innovation and Derwent Patent Citations Index (PCI).
Volume is the first criteria. An organization must have at least 100 unique inventions protected by a granted patent over the most recent five year period to advance for further analysis. A unique invention is defined as one instance of a published application or granted patent for an idea for which protection is sought. In DWPI, these are called “basic” patents. DWPI provides access to 50 patent-issuing authorities. Subsequent filings for the same invention are recorded as equivalents and collated into patent families which, for this analysis, were not included.
Once an organization passes the volume stage gate, it is measured across the next three criteria: success, globalization and influence.
The success metric covers the ratio of inventions described in published applications (those patents which are filed and publicly published by the patent office but not yet granted) to inventions protected with granted patents over the most recent five years. Not all patent applications pass through the examination process and are granted.
Globalization has to do with the value an organization places on an invention by protecting it across the major world markets. The premise being that inventions protected in all four of the Thomson Reuters Quadrilateral Patent Index authorities: the Chinese Patent Office, the European Patent Office, the Japanese Patent Office and the United States Patent & Trademark Office, are deemed to be of significant value to the organization. A ratio is created of the inventions protected across the Quadrilateral Patent Index authorities versus the total volume for that period.
Finally, influence is the downstream impact of an invention, measured by how often it is cited by other organizations. Via the Derwent Patent Citation Index, citations to an organization’s patents are counted over the most recent five years, excluding self citations.
Scores for each of these areas are tallied and combined to produce the list of the Top 100 Global Innovator list.